Origen’s pneumatology greatly informs his theology of God, humanity’s participation with the Trinity, and his doctrine of the Scriptures. All in all, Origen found the Spirit to be at work throughout the Scriptures, and he sought participation with the Trinity through the Spirit—both for himself and for his hearers.
Most Christians would agree that the Old Covenant mediated by Moses at Mt. Sinai is different than the New Covenant mediated by Jesus through His death at Calvary. That requires a minimum of two divine administrations or dispensations. And if we assume that the eternal state is different from the present church age, we can postulate a third dispensation. If there is a difference between the eternal state and the Messianic Kingdom, then we have a fourth dispensation. One doesn’t have to embrace the full seven dispensations of the Scofield Study Notes to be a “Dispensationalist.”
So then, what is unique about this volume? As Kapic notes, most textbooks on modern theology “are primarily arranged chronologically and/or around particular theologians or movements” (p. ix). While such approaches are of great value, they tend not to overtly explore the impact of modernity upon specific theological topics. This is precisely the gap that this work intends to fill.
Approaching these texts from an oral perspective honors the oral nature of the society from which the gospels emerged. They were written at a time when fewer and fewer eyewitnesses were alive to validate the oral traditions of the gospel accounts. The gospels represent the solidification of these traditions into a written form, preserving the accounts for future generations.
It is a tragic mistake to blame the Jewish people for the crucifixion of Jesus. True followers of Jesus are encouraged to speak out against this mistaken notion and oppose every expression of anti-Semitism.