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How Did Paul Understand the Trinity?

In recent years, there has been a growing gap between exegetical studies in the Pauline epistles on the one hand, and trinitarian theology on the other. A widely held view among scholars is that Paul began from the starting point of Jewish monotheism and then sought to understand Jesus and His relationship to God through that interpretive lens. This has led some scholars to assign Jesus a very close identification with God in Paul’s letters, but others to see Jesus as occupying a subordinate role to God. Wesley Hill enters this conversation and presents the alternative of reading Pauline texts through a trinitarian lens.

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The Divine Warrior In Ephesians 4:8

Ephesians is about the triumph of Christ over supernatural forces and how he is bringing unity to all things. One of the key passages for understanding this is Ephesians 4. Ephesians 4:1-6 bases an encouragement to unity on a Trinitarian reflection (One Spirit, One Lord, One God and Father). Then verses 7-16 shift the focus to diversity within unity.